HISTORY OF SOCKS
From the earliest times in history, socks were used to warm the feet. Nowadays socks provide comfort, ease chafing of the foot, protect the foot from perspiration, keep the feet warm and help define personal style.
It is known that Hesiod lived after Homer around 750-700 B.C. in Askra of Viotia, at the foot of mount Helikon. Hesiod wrote his poems during his harsh life as a shepherd. In his masterpiece "Days and Works" he gave advice to his brother Persis, so that he could protect himself and properly dress his head and body.
Concerning his feet, Hesiod suggested that he wear sandals and under these cover his feet with "piloi", cloth made of wool or animal hair ("Days and Works" verse 542).
The word "sock" derived from the Latin term soccus, the Old English word socc and the Middle English word socke from Greek sukkhos which was a Phrygian shoe.
In Egyptian tombs of the 3rd-6th centuries A.D. the first knit socks were discovered.
Knitted hose was worn in Scotland around the turn of the 15th century, and then in France. William Lee, an English clergyman, invented the knitting machine in 1589, while many of the principles Lee developed can still be found in modern textile machinery today.
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